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Serving Alberta's Roofing Industry Since 1961
TP Section 8: Sheet Metal Flashings
When required, sheet metal cap flashings shall
continuously cover thermoplastic membrane flashing installed at
horizontal to vertical roof junctions. Sheet metal cap flashings
shall be installed as soon as practical to protect the membrane
flashing from damage.
Sheet metal flashings shall be corrosion
resistant. The metal finish is not warranted by ARCA Warranty Ltd.
Protect the metal finish from damage during shipping and
Oil canning of sheet metal flashing is a
natural phenomenon and is not cause for rejection. Severity of oil
canning can be reduced by one or more of the following means:
Use a heavy gauge metal that is more rigid
Use metal with low-gloss finish or textured by embossing or
striations to reduce visual effects
When the face exceeds 250mm (10"), fabricate flashings in two
pieces or use stiffening ribs, v-groove, or cross break.
The membrane manufacturer should be consulted
for specific fabrication requirements when using thermoplastic
coated sheet metal for roof flashings.
TP-8.2 Weights and Thickness
The weight and thickness limits shown in the
following table shall be followed within the CSA tolerances
designated for the metal type shown and does not include the metal
finish. The minimum weight or thickness of the sheet metal flashing
shown in the table must be increased to the next heavier dimension
when the unfastened vertical length of the sheet metal exceeds
457mm (18”), when measured from its main anchorage
||0.020 - 0.022
||0.50 - 0.56
||0.030 - 0.034
||0.76 - 0.87
Exposed sheet metal edges shall be hemmed and
shall not be left raw cut with the exception of field fabricated
joints found at corners. The top edge of the base flashing need not
be hemmed when covered by a cap flashing. Individual sheet metal
flashing pieces shall not exceed 3000mm (10 ft.) in length (Also
Except for drip edge flashings with
lapped end joints, the end of the metal flashings shall be joined
by S-locks or standing seams. S-locks flashing ends shall be
fabricated to permit an approximate 25mm (1”) insert, with a
tolerance of ± 6.4mm (1/4”), in addition to an
allowance for the thermal movement of the sheet metal
Standing seams shall extend a minimum distance
of 25mm (1”) above the flashing surface and shall incorporate
a single lock fold.
The horizontal seams at corners shall be joined
with a double seam or a standing seam. Vertical corner seams may be
lapped and mitered when not joined with a standing seam.
No soldering or caulking of joints is necessary
except where a watertight joint is required at miscellaneous sheet
metal flashing joints and where horizontal flanges attach to
TP-8.4 Wall Flashings
TP-8.4.1 Base Flashings
Sheet metal base flashing is not required to
cover the vertical surface of the membrane flashing except where
required by the building code.
When used, base flashings shall be mechanically
fastened to solid backing at intervals not exceeding 1500mm (5 ft.)
centers, with approved fasteners placed approximately 175mm
(7”) above the primary membrane.
TP-8.4.2 Cap Flashings
The top of a wall shall be covered with wood
blocking capable of providing sufficient holding force to anchor
nail and screw fasten cap flashings. Where membrane flashing does
not cover the blocking, a water proofing membrane shall cover the
blocking and extend down on each side a minimum distance of 50mm
Cap flashings shall completely cover the wood
blocking and shall in corporate a minimum 50mm (2") wide vertical
face, excluding the drip edge.
The vertical flashing face shall overlap the
wall finish and incorporate a drip edge to shed water.
Cap flashings shall be concealed fastened at one
end with galvanized roofing nails placed in both the horizontal and
vertical faces of the S-lock end joint.
On vertical faces, the cap flashing shall be
mechanically fastened to the blocking with wood screws placed at
maximum 1500mm (5 ft.) centres.
Sheet metal hook strips may be
substituted for the wood screws. Hook strips shall be a minimum of
1/3 the length of individual cap flashing pieces which are greater
than 1500mm (5 ft.) in length. The metal hook strip shall be a
minimum of 24 gauge, fastened at maximum 300mm (12”) on
centre into the vertical face of continuous wood blocking. Nails
shall be placed a maximum 25mm (1") above the hook strip bottom
kick-out and shall be spiral or ring shanked. The hemmed drip edge
shall be fully engaged with the hook strip. High wind areas require
special consideration determined by the design professional.
TP-8.4.3 Counter Flashings
For smooth surfaced walls, membrane flashing
terminations shall be covered with a reglet or kick-out style
counter flashing detail.
Counter flashings shall not exceed 100mm
(4”) in width, excluding the drip.
When sheet metal base flashing are required,
counter flashings shall overlap base flashings by a minimum
distance of 50mm (2”).
Counter flashings shall be fabricated with a
drip along their lower edges to shed water.
For reglet style counter flashings, the wall
reglet shall be straight, of uniform width ranging between 12.7mm
(1/2”) and 19.0mm (3/4”) wide and not less than 19.0mm
(3/4”) deep. The sheet metal counter flashing shall be
mechanically fastened into the reglet at maximum 600mm (2 ft.)
centers and the exposed reglet opening continuously caulked.
Where use of a reglet is impractical, a
kick-out style counter flashing may be used for smooth surfaced
substrates. Kick-out style counter flashings shall be mechanically
fastened to the wall at maximum 600mm (2 ft.) centers. Fasteners
shall be placed immediately below the kick-out. A continuous metal
bar may be incorporated to ensure wall contact is maintained. The
kick-out lip shall be continuously caulked with a compatible
sealant tooled to shed water.
TP-8.5 Roof Edge Flashings
A metal flashing is required to finish, shed
water and protect thermoplastic membrane terminations at roof
The roof edge may be finished with a cant edge
detail, a parapet flashing or a drip edge flashing detail.
Exposed fasteners are not permitted in the cant
area or on the horizontal/top cap flashing surface
TP-8.5.1 Cant Edge Flashing
Where cant edge flashing is required, it shall
be joined by S-lock end joints and concealed fastened to the
exterior face of the wood cant strip with galvanized roofing nails
placed in end joint flanges.
TP-8.5.2 Parapet Flashing
Where parapet cap flashing is required, the top
of the parapet shall be covered with wood blocking capable of
providing sufficient holding force to anchor nail and screw fasten
Parapet cap flashings shall be fabricated to
completely cover the membrane flashing over the blocking and
incorporate a minimum vertical face dimension of 50mm (2”),
excluding the drip edge. The exterior vertical flashing face shall
overlap the completed wall finish.
Parapet flashings shall be concealed fastened at
one end using galvanized roofing nails placed in both the
horizontal and vertical faces of the S-lock end joint.
Additionally, the exterior cap flashing face shall be mechanically
fastened to the blocking with wood screws placed at intervals not
exceeding 1500mm (5 ft.) centers. Sheet metal hook strips, fastened
to the blocking, may be substituted for the wood screws (see
When the parapet width (girth) exceeds
400mm (16”), the maximum length of cap flashing piece shall
be 1500mm (5 ft.).
TP-8.5.3 Drip Edge Flashing
Where parapet cap flashings are not required,
the thermoplastic membrane may be terminated to a continuous
thermoplastic coated drip edge sheet metal flashing attached at the
exterior top surface of the parapet or to wood blocking fastened to
the roof deck’s perimeter edge.
Drip edge flashings shall be fabricated from
thermoplastic coated sheet metal with horizontal flanges between
100mm (4”) and 125mm (5”) wide. The fascia flange shall
not exceed 100mm (4”) in width on the vertical surface
excluding the drip.
For non-nailable substrates, continuous wood
blocking shall be fastened to the structure for the attachment of
the drip edge flashing. Prior to fastening, the horizontal flange
shall be set in a continuous bed of a compatible sealant, placed
over the primary membrane. The horizontal flange shall be
mechanically fastened to the blocking with fasteners staggered
front to back at maximum 200mm (8”) centers. Drip edge
flashings shall be joined with minimum 100mm (4”) wide end
laps. The top surface of the horizontal flange shall be
thermoplastic coated to ensure proper weld of the thermoplastic
membrane flashing ply.
TP-8.6 Control Joint Flashings
Roof area dividers require a sheet metal cap
Roof expansion joints require a sheet metal cap
TP-8.7 Scupper Drains
Sheet metal scupper drains shall be sized to
extend beyond the exterior wall finish and to provide for minimum
100mm (4") wide thermoplastic coated base and wall flanges.
Through wall type scuppers must be four (4)
sided with the upper scupper opening surface covered with sheet
Where control of drainage is required, the
scupper assembly may include an external hopper and an attached
TP-8.8 Miscellaneous Sheet Metal
Miscellaneous sheet metal flashings such
as roof jacks, gum boxes, ventilators, goosenecks and scupper
penetrations shall be watertight, incorporate a continuous one
piece thermoplastic coated deck flange, with no open corners, using
a double seam or approved lock to secure the deck flange to the
vertical flashing body.
Deck flanges shall not be fabricated less than
100mm (4”) nor more than 200mm (8”) in width. Round
horizontal flange corners using a minimum 12.7mm (1/2”)
Watertight sheet metal flashing joints shall be
soldered or welded.
Watertight aluminum flashing joints must be
When approved, specialty flashings may be
substituted for fabricated sheet metal flashings.
© 2016 Alberta Roofing Contractors Association